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Get-AdUser – Find and Export Active Directory Users

The Get-AdUser cmdlet in PowerShell is used to get one or more active directory users. An Active Directory Get-AdUser retrieves a default set of user properties including their name, email address, manager, and department.

The Get-AdUser cmdlet helps administrators retrieve crucial information about AD user accounts. This includes details like usernames, email addresses, samaccountname, group names, and more.

The Get-AdUser is a powerful cmdlet to get aduser all properties, get active directory users using samaccountname, and use the get-aduser filter parameter to get specific user objects.

Using the Get-AdUser Identity parameter, you can perform a search to get specific ad users.

Get-AdUser in Active Directory
Get-AdUser in Active Directory

In this article, I will explain the Get-ADUser cmdlet to get active directory user objects with different examples.

Note: To use PowerShell Get-ADUser cmdlet, requires the Active Directory add-on module to be installed.

Let’s understand the PowerShell Get-AdUser cmdlet with syntax and examples.

Get-AdUser Syntax

Active Directory Get-AdUser syntax

Get-ADUser   [-AuthType <ADAuthType>]   [-Credential <PSCredential>]   -Filter <String>   [-Properties <String[]>]
   [-ResultPageSize <Int32>]   [-ResultSetSize <Int32>]   [-SearchBase <String>]   [-SearchScope <ADSearchScope>]
   [-Server <String>]   [<CommonParameters>]

Get-ADUser   [-AuthType <ADAuthType>]   [-Credential <PSCredential>]   [-Identity] <ADUser>   [-Partition <String>]
   [-Properties <String[]>]   [-Server <String>]   [<CommonParameters>]

Get-ADUser   [-AuthType <ADAuthType>]   [-Credential <PSCredential>]   -LDAPFilter <String>   [-Properties <String[]>]
   [-ResultPageSize <Int32>]   [-ResultSetSize <Int32>]   [-SearchBase <String>]   [-SearchScope <ADSearchScope>]
   [-Server <String>]   [<CommonParameters>]

Get-AdUser Parameters

Get-AdUser is used to get one or more active directory objects or perform a search to get specific users.


AuthType – authentication method to use based on either Basic (or 1) or Negotiate (or 0).

SSL (Secure Socket Layer) connection is required to use the Basic Authentication method.

Credential PSCredential – It specifies user credentials required to perform the get-aduser cmdlet. It default accepts the credentials of logged-on users.

To use the Credential parameter, use username as User1 or domain\User1 or you can create and use PSCredential object by using Get-Credential cmdlet.

-Identity – It specifies ad user by using property value

  • Distinguished Name
  • SAMAccountName
  • Security Identifier
  • GUID

The identifier specified in parenthesis is the LDAP display name.

-Partition – It specifies the distinguished name of an active directory partition.

Filter – It specifies a query string (PowerShell Expression Language Syntax) to retrieve Active Directory objects. PowerShell wildcards other than * are not supported by filter syntax.

-LDAPFilter – LDAPFilter query string is used to filter Active Directory objects.

The Get-AdUser cmdlet returns the default set of properties. However, if you want to get all properties, use the Properties parameter.

Let’s understand using the PowerShell Get-AdUser with different examples.

Get-AdUser Examples

The Get-AdUser cmdlet gets active directory user information. This cmdlet is used to get the aduser all properties, get the aduser using userprincipalname, get active directory login details report, and so on.

How to Get All Properties of AdUser

To get all the properties of the aduser, use the Get-AdUser cmdlet with the Properties * parameter. This will return all of the properties that are available for the user, including both default and extended properties.

Get-ADUser -Identity Toms -Properties *

In the above PowerShell script, the Get-AdUser gets all the properties of the SAMAccountName user “Toms” specified by the Identity parameter.

The output of the above PowerShell script displays the active directory user properties.

Get-AdUser All Properties Using SAMAccountName
Get-AdUser All Properties Using SAMAccountName

How to Get AdUser Default and Extended Properties

To get the default and extended properties of an AD user, use the Get-AdUser cmdlet. This command retrieves a default set of user account properties.

To get a list of the default sets of properties for a Get-AdUser object, use the Get-Member cmdlet.

Get-AdUser Toms | Get-Member

This command lists the default properties for the user “Toms“.

For extended properties:

To get the most commonly used Get-AdUser properties, use the Extended parameter.

Get-AdUser Toms -Properties Extended | Get-Member

This command returns extended aduser properties.

How to Find Ad Users By SAMAccountName

To retrieve an Active Directory user using their SAMAccountName, use the Get-Aduser cmdlet with the Filter parameter.

Get-ADUser -Filter "samaccountname -like 'Toms'"

In the above PowerShell get aduser script, the Get-AdUser cmdlet gets users whose SAMAccountName is similar to “Toms“.

It returns the user properties like Name, SID, and UserPrincipalName.

DistinguishedName : CN=Tom Smith,OU=SALES,DC=SHELLPRO,DC=LOCAL
Enabled           : True
GivenName         : Tom
Name              : Tom Smith
ObjectClass       : user
ObjectGUID        : 1f3a2572-2621-4e47-9bdf-81d1f8172f69
SamAccountName    : toms
SID               : S-1-5-21-1326752099-4012446882-462961959-1103
Surname           : Smith
UserPrincipalName : [email protected]

How to Get-AdUser in Specific OU (Organizational Unit)

To get a list of all adusers in a specific OU, use the Get-AdUser command with the -SearchBase parameter.

The following command will return a list of all users in the OU “OU=HR,DC=SHELLPRO,DC=LOCAL“.

 Get-ADUser -SearchBase "OU=HR,DC=SHELLPRO,DC=LOCAL" -Filter * -Properties Name

In the above PowerShell get-aduser searchbase script, it gets a list of all users in a specific OU specified by the Get-AdUser SearchBase parameter and Filter parameter.

The output of the above adusers in specific OU.

DistinguishedName : CN=Erick Jones,OU=HR,DC=SHELLPRO,DC=LOCAL
Enabled           : True
GivenName         : Erick
Name              : Erick Jones
ObjectClass       : user
ObjectGUID        : 43551543-0214-4656-bd18-9f2dec5f8076
SamAccountName    : ErickJ
SID               : S-1-5-21-1326752099-4012446882-462961959-1105
Surname           : Jones
UserPrincipalName : [email protected]

DistinguishedName : CN=Gary Willy,OU=HR,DC=SHELLPRO,DC=LOCAL
Enabled           : True
GivenName         : Gary
Name              : Gary Willy
ObjectClass       : user
ObjectGUID        : a65bc140-d8dc-43b9-988d-2c0afa163be1
SamAccountName    : garyw
SID               : S-1-5-21-1326752099-4012446882-462961959-2601
Surname           : Willy
UserPrincipalName : [email protected]

How to Export Ad users to CSV file

To export Active Directory users to a CSV file, use the Get-AdUser cmdlet to list all user properties, and use the Export-CSV cmdlet to export ad users to a CSV file on the specified path.

The following command will export all of the users in the OU “OU=HR,DC=SHELLPRO,DC=LOCAL” to a CSV file named “get-adusers.csv“.

 Get-ADUser -SearchBase "OU=HR,DC=SHELLPRO,DC=LOCAL" -Filter * -Properties Name | Select-Object Name, DistinguishedName,Enabled,UserPrincipalName,SamAccountName| Export-Csv -Path C:\get-adusers.csv -NoTypeInformation

In the above PowerShell get ad user script,

The Get-AdUser gets a list of all users in a specified OU using the Get-AdUser SearchBase parameter and passes the output to the second command.

The second command uses Select-Object cmdlet to get name, distinguishedname, enabled, userprincipalname, and samaccountname and pass output to the third command.

The third command uses the PowerShell Export-Csv cmdlet to export a list of adusers to a CSV file on the path specified.

The output of export ad users to CSV file is below in CSV.

"Erick Jones","CN=Erick Jones,OU=HR,DC=SHELLPRO,DC=LOCAL","True","[email protected]","ErickJ"
"Gary Willy","CN=Gary Willy,OU=HR,DC=SHELLPRO,DC=LOCAL","True","[email protected]","garyw"

How to Get AdUser Password Last Set Older than X Days

To get a list of adusers whose passwords have been set for more than the specified number of days, use the following command.

Get-ADUser -Filter 'Enabled -eq $True' -Properties PasswordLastSet | Where-Object {$_.PasswordLastSet -lt (Get-Date).adddays(-90)} | select Name,SamAccountName,PasswordLastSet

In the above PowerShell script, the Get-AdUser cmdlet gets a list of ad users who are active using Enabled Property.

The Enabled property used to get aduser is active or disabled in the active directory.

The second command uses Where-Object to check the PassWordLastSet attribute less than 90 days using the Get-Date cmdlet and passes the output to the third command.

The third command selects name, samaccountname, and passwordlastset properties to the console.

The output of the above PowerShell script to get the aduser password last set older than 90 days are as below

Name        SamAccountName PasswordLastSet
----        -------------- ---------------
Gary Willy  garyw          4/25/2021 6:55:50 PM
John Smith  johns          4/20/2021 1:08:57 PM

How to Get AdUser Manager Name

To get the manager name for an Active Directory user, use the following command

 get-aduser -Identity chrisd -Properties * | select SAMAccountname, @{Name='Manager';Expression={(Get-ADUser ($_.Manager)).SAMAccountname}}

In the above PowerShell script, Get-AdUser gets user properties for the user using the identity parameter and passes the output to the second command.

The second command selects the SAMAccountName of the given active directory user and uses the expression to get the manager name using Manager attribute.

The output of the above command will return the SAMAccountName of the user and the aduser manager name.

SAMAccountname Manager
-------------- -------
chrisd         toms

How to Get-Aduser AccountExpirationDate

To get the account expiration date for an Active Directory user, use the following command.

Get-ADUser -filter * -properties AccountExpirationDate  | sort Name | ft Name,AccountExpirationDate

In the above PowerShell script, Get-AdUser gets a list of all users. It retrieves the AccountExpirationDate property and passes the output to the second command.

The second command sorts the user by Name and prints it on the console.

Name        AccountExpirationDate
----        ---------------------
Chris Dore  8/1/2021 12:00:00 AM
Erick Jones
Gary Willy

Other aduser don’t have an account expiration set hence they have an empty value.

Cool Tip: How to use remove-aduser to delete aduser in PowerShell!

How to Get AdUser BadPwdCount

Often aduser tries to log into the system using the old password, which results in the account being locked out.

Active Directory user account has badpwdcount attribute which stores bad password attempts count.

By default, it has a 0 value. badpwdcount attribute increment value when a user attempts a bad password.

badpwdcount value reset to 0 on successful login.

To get aduser badpwdcount, use the PowerShell script

 Get-ADUser -Identity Toms -Properties *  | Select-Object badpwdcount

It gets the user specified using the Identity parameter and returns the user account badpwdcount.

How to Get AdUser Manager SamAccountName

Using the Get-AdUser, you can get an aduser manager samaccountname.

The user has a manager attribute which contains a distinguished name.

To get aduser manager samaccountname for the user, use the following script.

$user = "garyw"
$Manager = get-aduser $user -properties * | Select -ExpandProperty Manager

get-aduser $Manager -properties * | Select SamAccountName,DisplayName

In the above PowerShell script to get aduser garyw manager samaccountname,

$user variable stores user name.

The second command uses the Get-AdUser command to get the aduser all properties. It selects a manager and stores them in $Manager variable.

The third command again uses the Get-AdUser to get the aduser manager samaccountname and manager display name.


I hope the above guide on PowerShell Get-ADUser cmdlet in an active directory is helpful to you while using it in your daily task to get active directory users, get-aduser all properties, and many more.

You can get the default set of aduser properties. To get additional properties, use the Property parameter.

You can use filter or Ldapfilter parameter to search for one or more ad users from the active directory using PowerShell expression language.

You can find more topics about PowerShell Active Directory commands and PowerShell basics on the ShellGeek home page.

Related Links

Get AdUser All Properties – Get all of the properties for the aduser in PowerShell.

Get AdUsers Enabled – Get Adusers enabled in the Active Directory.

Get-AdUser Email Address

Get AdUser LDAP FIlter – Get active directory users using LDAP Filter

Get AdUsers Exclude OU – Get AdUsers and exclude specific OU.

Get AdUser Description – Get AdUser description from the active directory.

Get AdUser DistinguishedName – Get AdUser distinguished name from the active directory.

Convert SID to UserName – Get the user name from SID using PowerShell and the Command line

Get AdUser Multiple Users – Get Multiple User Properties in Active Directory

Get AdUser Format Table – Format the list of adusers in table output.

Get AdUser Filter with Multiple Attributes – Get a list of adusers filters with multiple attributes.

Get AdUser Sort by SAMAccountname

Get AdUser pipe to Add-AdGroupMember – Get aduser and add a user to the ad group as a member.

Get AdUser Count – Get active directory user count, active user count, enabled user count

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