What is an environment variable in Windows? How to print environment variables in PowerShell?
Environment variables store information about the operating system environment information and programs.
This information includes the operating system path, the location of the Windows installation directory, and a number of processes used by the operating system.
PowerShell can access and manage or change environment variables.
Using the below commands in PowerShell to show environment variables to the console:
- dir env:
- gci env:
- ls env:
- Get-ChildItem env:
In the below image,
dir:env in PowerShell, print environment variables to the console as environment variable name and environment variable value as the path of an environment variable.
In this tutorial, I will explain how to print environment variables or echo environment variables using PowerShell.
ls are the PowerShell
Get-ChildItem aliases to show environment variables.
PowerShell Print Environment Variables
Let’s check each one of the PowerShell commands to echo environment variables with examples.
PowerShell print environment variables using dir env:
In the above example,
dir env: command in PowerShell print environment variables on the console as below with environment name and environment variable value path.
PowerShell echo environment variables using gci env:
In the above example, the Get-ChildItem alias gci uses the env: to echo all environment variables on the PowerShell console as below.
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PowerShell List all environment variables using ls env:
The above ls env: command in PowerShell prints all environment variables on the console.
The output of the above command in Powershell shows the environment variables with their Name and Value.
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PowerShell print env variable
To get PowerShell environment variable value using the environment name, use the below command
In the above example, $env uses
APPDATA as the environment variable name and prints PowerShell environment variable value as C:\Users\ShellGeek\ AppData\Roaming as environment variable path.
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PowerShell Print all environment variables values to file
gci env: | sort-object name| Export-Csv -Path D:\env_variables.txt -NoTypeInformation
The above command gets all environment variables with their name and values sorted by name field, and using the Export-CSV command, it prints all environment variables to the file specified by the
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PowerShell prints all environment variables using GetChildItem Env
Get-ChildItem Env: | Sort Name
Get-ChildItem Env: command in PowerShell, print all environment variables.
Sort cmdlet takes the output of the Get-ChildItem command and sorts the list of PowerShell environment variables by the variable name.
The output of the above command in PowerShell displays the environment variables with their name and value sorted by the property
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PowerShell – Print one environment variable value
In the above example, the Get-ChildItem command prints the environment variable value for the
APPDATA variable name.
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Environment variable in the Windows operating system stores that is used by programs. Using PowerShell, we can print environment variables on the console.
In the above post, I explained how to use different PowerShell commands like dir env: , gci env: , ls env:, and Get-ChildItem to print environment variables on the console or output to file as well.
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