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Net User Command – Manage User Accounts from cmd

The Net User command is a Windows command-line utility that allows you to manage Windows server local user accounts or on a remote computer.

The command Net User allow you to create, delete, enable, or disable users on the system and set passwords for the net user accounts.

Windows administrators can perform add or modifications in domain user accounts using the net user command-line tool.

You can get net user account information, enable or disable a user account, sets the home directory path, set account expiration, and so on.

net user to display user account info
Command Net User to display user account info

In this article, we will discuss how to use the net user command-line tool with examples to get user account information, domain account status, and password expiry date.

Net User Command – Syntax

net user command syntax

net user [<UserName> {<Password> | *} [<Options>]] [/domain]
net user [<UserName> {<Password> | *} /add [<Options>] [/domain]]
net user [<UserName> [/delete] [/domain]]

Parameters

Username – It specifies user account name to add or modify or display user account information

Password – Assign or change the password for the user account

/domain – Perform the operation on the domain controller

/active:{no |yes} – Enable or disable user account

/comment – Provide descriptive comments for the user account

/expires – Specify the date to expire user account

net help – Display help for the net user command.

<Options> – Specify command-line options.

Refer to the following table to know more about options used in net user command.

Command-line option syntaxDescription
/active:{no | yes}Use this option to enable or disable a user account. The default value is yes (active).
/comment:”<Text>”Use this to provide comments for the user account, max 48 characters, and should be enclosed in quotation marks.
/countrycode:<NNN>/countrycode option is used to set the country code for the user account to display help or error messages in their language. The default value is 0, which means the computer’s default country/region code.
/expires:{{<MM/DD/YYYY> | <DD/MM/YYYY> | <mmm,dd,YYYY>} | never}Use this option to specify the date for the user account to expire. If the expiration date is not specified, it will assume never expires.
/fullname:”<Name>”Specify the user’s full name instead of username.
/homedir:<Path>Use this option to set the path for the user’s home directory.
/passwordchg:{yes | no}Use this to specify if the user can change their own password. The default value is yes.
/passwordreq:{yes | no}It specifies if the user must have a password or not. The default is yes.
/profilepath:[<Path>]Use this option to sets a path for the user’s logon profile. This path points to a registry profile.
/scriptpath:<Path>Use this to set a path for the user’s logon script. <Path> should be relative.
/times:{<Day>[<-Day>][,<Day>[-<Day>]],<Time>[-<Time>][,<Time>[-<Time>]][;] | all}It specifies the times that users are allowed to use the computer.
/usercomment:”<Text>”It specifies that an administrator can add or change the “User comment” for the account.
/workstations:{<ComputerName>[,…] | *}It lists as many as eight workstations from which a user can log on to the network.
net user command options

Net User – List all User Accounts

Use the Net User command and run it on the Windows command prompt without any parameter to list all user accounts on the local user account.

Open a command prompt to run the net user command below

net user

The above Windows net user command returns the list of all user accounts of the local computer.

net user accounts on local computer
net user accounts on local computer

Run the command net user on the domain controller to get a list of all users on the domain.

net user

The output of the above command net user gets the domain username accounts.

net user domain username
net user domain username

You can also use the net user command-line tool to get user account information, modify a user account, and check when the password was last set.

Net User Account – Display User Account Information

Run the net user command in the command line to get user account information.

net user Toms

The above net user command uses the username to retrieve user details and display net user account information below


C:\>net user Toms
User name                    Toms
Full Name                    John Paul
Comment                      Built-in account for administering the computer/domain
User's comment
Country/region code          000 (System Default)
Account active               Yes
Account expires              Never

Password last set            7/29/2021 6:55:50 PM
Password expires             9/9/2021 6:55:50 PM
Password changeable          7/30/2021 6:55:50 PM
Password required            Yes
User may change password     Yes

Workstations allowed         All
Logon script
User profile
Home directory
Last logon                   8/2/2021 11:53:32 AM

Logon hours allowed          All

Local Group Memberships      *Administrators
Global Group memberships     *Domain Admins        *Group Policy Creator
                             *Schema Admins        *Domain Users
                             *Enterprise Admins
The command completed successfully.


C:\>
net user account details
net user account details

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Net User Password Change for User Account

If you want to change a user password using the command line, use the net user command-line tool to set the password.

The syntax for the command net user to set a password for a user account is given below:

net user userid password

Let’s consider an example to reset the password for user account GaryW on the local computer, run the below command

net user garyw [email protected]

In the above net user command, garyw is a user account id and [email protected] is a password that is used with the command to set the password for the user account on the local computer.

The output of the above command as below

net user password change
net user password change

Note: Run Windows command prompt using administrator account privileges else it will display “System error 5 has occurred. Access is denied

There is an alternative and secure way to change the user password using the net user cmd tool as below

C:\>net user garyw *
Type a password for the user:
Retype the password to confirm:
The command completed successfully.

In the command, use * after the user name and hit enter.

It will prompt you to type the password for the user: and retype the password to confirm.

While typing a password, it won’t display password text on the command line.

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Net User /domain – change domain user account password

Using the net user Windows command-line tool, you can set the password for the domain user account.

The syntax for the command net user to set the password for the domain user account is:

net user username /domain

Run the following command to reset the domain user account password

net user garyw  * /domain

In the above command, the net user command takes the user id as input, * indicates to prompt for the password. /domain specifies to perform domain account password change operation.

The output of the above net user /domain password change as below

net user /domain password change
net user /domain password change

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Net User Disable Account

If you want to disable or lock a domain account using the net user command-line tool, run the following command

net user garyw /Active:No /domain

The above net user command will disable the user account or lock the domain user account specified using the user name and /Active set to No in the net user /domain

Run the command net user garyw /domain to check the user active account status

C:\>net user garyw /domain
User name                    garyw
Full Name                    Gary Willy
Comment
User's comment
Country/region code          000 (System Default)
Account active               No
Account expires              Never

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Net User to Enable Domain Account

To enable or unlock domain account using the net user command, run the below command

net user garyw /Active:Yes /domain

net user /domain command using /Active option set to Yes enables user account.

Net User User Password Policy

If you want users to restrict them to change their domain account password or allow domain account user to change their password, run the below net user command

net user garyw /Passwordchg:No

In the above net user command, /Passwordchg option is set to No to prevent the user from changing the password.

To allow users to change the password, run the below command

net user garyw /Passwordchg:Yes

Above command, /Passwordchg option is set to Yes to allow the user to change their password.

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Net User to find user full name

You can use the net user command-line tool to find the user’s full name in the domain as below

net user garyw /domain | Find /i "full name"

The above command finds the full name of the user in the domain, it uses the username /domain to find the user account in the domain and pipe the result to get the full name.

C:\Windows\system32>net user garyw /domain | Find /i "full name"
Full Name                    Gary Willy

How to set home directory for user?

Use the net user command-line tool to set a home directory for a new user or existing user using the homedir option as below

Set home directory for the new user

net user adams /domain /add /homedir:C:\users\adams

In the above command, the net user creates a new user with the name adams in the domain and set up the home directory for the user to C:\users\adams

You can set up a home directory for the existing user as below

net user garyw /domain /homedir:C:\users\garyw

In the above command, it set up the home directory for the existing user in the domain using the net user command and homdir option.

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Set Expiry date for User Account on Local and Domain

The expiration date for the user account has been good practice for organizations to manage security and resource management.

Using the net user command, you can easily set an expiry date for the user account on the local computer or domain user account.

If you want to set up an expiry date for user accounts on the local computer or a windows 11 user account, run the following command.

# Set expire date for local user account
Net User devadmin /expires:03/05/2023

In the above command, the net user command takes the username as the input parameter and uses /expires option to set up the expiry date for the user account on the local computer.

If you want to set up an expiry date for the user account on the domain controller, run the following command.

# Set expire date for domain user account
Net User Toms /domain /expires:09/20/2022

In the above command, the net user takes the user name and uses /domain to set up an expiry date in the domain using /expires option.

Set up Login Times for User Account

Using the net user command, you can set up login times for the user account to allow them to be used within specific hours only.

Run the following command to set login times for the user account.

# Set login time to allow user login in specific duration
Net User Toms /time:M-F,07:00-16:00

In the above command, the net user command takes the user name to set up login time for the account to allow login between 7 am to 4 pm on Monday-Friday only.

Net User Command Examples and FAQ

How to reset the user password using the net user command?


Open the Windows command prompt with Administrator privileges and run the following command to reset the password for a user account.

net user userid newpassword

How to use the net user command?


The net user is a command-line tool to manage user accounts on local and domain controllers. To use the net user command, open the command prompt and type the net user command, it will list all user accounts.

net user

How to check domain user details in cmd?


Use the net user command to view the user account details on the domain. The syntax to check user account information is:

net user userid

How to use the net user command to see when the password expires?


If you run net user userid on cmd terminal, it retrieves user information that includes the property “Password expires“. Use this property to see the user account password expiry date.

How to use the net user command to check the last login of the user?


To check the last login of the user on the domain using the net user command, run the command prompt and run the below command.

net user Toms /domain | Findstr "Last"
It returns the Last Login date for the user account on the domain.

How to use the net user command to set a password never expires using the command line?


To set the password never expires on the user account using the net user command in the cmd terminal, run the following command.

WMIC useraccount where Name='username' set PasswordExpires=FALSE

For example, to set the administrator password never expires using the net user command,

net user administrator |findstr /C:expires
Returns the output as
Account expires Never
Password expires 2/26/2023 4:10:20 PM

Run the WMIC command to set the PasswordExpires property for the administrator account to false.

WMIC useraccount where Name='administrator' SET PasswordExpires=FALSE

The above command line tool, set up the administrator password never set to expire.

Conclusion

I hope the above article on the net user command line tool in the Windows system helps you to understand how to manage net user accounts using the command line.

net user without any option gets all the user accounts on the computer. You can also use net users.

You can find more topics about PowerShell Active Directory commands and PowerShell basics on the ShellGeek home page.

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